Ovako 824 is a through hardening bearing steels intended for rolling contact and other high fatigued applications. In the hardened condition the high hardness, high strength and high cleanliness provides the steel with the right properties to withstand high cycle, high stress fatigue. Ovako 824 is mainly used for small and medium sized bearing components. It is also regularly used for other machine components that require high tensile strength and high hardness. The hardenability approximately corresponds to a ring with maximum 20 mm wall thickness. It is suitable for both martensitic and bainitic hardening. Ovako 824 comes in two variants. One Bearing Quality (BQ) variant that fulfills tough Ovako internal quality demands and consequently also the ISO 683-17 demands. One Isotropic Quality (IQ) with higher demands regarding micro inclusion cleanliness and improved isotropic properties. Additionally this variant has a slightly reduced carbon content to reduce the carbide segregation tendency. The IQ variant is especially suited for applications subjected to a complex loading mode.
824B - Bearing quality (BQ) variant
824P - Bearing quality (BQ) variant with low sulphur content
824Q - Isotropic quality (IQ) variant
(Bearing Quality) is a bearing quality clean steel optimized for fatigue strength by a strict control of steel cleanliness. BQ-steel is also ideal for new design solutions in a wide array of demanding applications outside the bearing industry that require longer performance and higher loads. The BQ-steel offer is the result of the Ovako clean steel program. Purity of production means that the material has significantly smaller inclusions compared to conventional steel and, as a result, the fatigue strength of the steel is increased dramatically. Use of the material allows components to be manufactured in smaller sizes. The BQ-steel has for decades been the problem-solver
(Isotropic Quality) is an isotropic quality ultra clean steel. IQ-Steel is optimized for fatigue strength by a strict control of steel cleanliness. IQ-Steel, a further development of BQ-Steel, is an isotropic and ultra clean steel with properties that match re-melted steels. Based on thousands of examinations by Ovako into the effects of defects on fatigue performance, the metallurgy of IQ-Steel is purer and far more consistent than conventional grades, and designed specifically to perform well in multi axial loading. This enables the manufacturing of lighter, slimmed down components like gears, bearings and other critical parts. The steels are helping our customers to achieve new design solutions and implement higher standards of finished product performance. Key to these practical advantages are Ovako’s own unique, clean and consistent modern steelmaking processes that remove harmful inclusions and impurities from within the steel. IQ-Steels contain smaller and more fragmented inclusions and can handle much higher mechanical forces in all directions than conventional steels. IQ-Steels are newer, but already now well established in high pressure automotive applications. Modern diesel engines, with high and cyclic injection pressures, have proven to be an ideal application. Transmission components are another emerging area of strong interest.